MonthMarch 2015

Rotavirus vaccine

Rotavirus vaccine

The vaccine for Rotavirus was discontinued in the 1990s. An undeniable link between the vaccine and a troublesome condition called Intussusception in which a portion of the bowel twists or slides into another portion of the bowel. In 2006, a new vaccine has been granted FDA approval and will be used regularly this fall.

Rotavirus is an intestinal virus that causes diarrhea in young children. Rotavirus is more prevalent in children under the age of six, as proper hand washing is the key to prevention. Usually the disease is mild and lasts only a few days, no more than a week.

In more severe cases (1 out of every 50), the diarrhea can lead to dehydration requiring hospitalization. In third world countries, the disease leads to around 500,000 deaths every year.

Rotavirus spreads easily in daycare and school settings. It can lead to large numbers of children being forced to stay home sick. This can be costly to daycares and parents.

The Rotavirus vaccine does not have confirmed doses at this point. As soon as the vaccine is readily available in a couple of months, the correct dosages and procedures will be made available to health care officials. There are no known side effects, but a small risk 0.001% of those vaccinated may develop Intussusception.

Polio vaccination

Polio vaccination

Caused by an intestinal virus, Polio can be transferred through saliva or feces.

Currently, Polio does not exist in much of the world, only third world countries still report cases of the disease.

The majority of those who contract polio never show signs at all. A few become feverish, nauseous, and may throw up. One to two percent of those infected find their body aches for a week or so and then clears up. Less than one out of every 1,000 cases become partially paralyzed for a short time. Of those who experience the temporary paralysis, muscle pain and weakness often returns a few decades later.

After the polio vaccine became public, the number of cases fell dramatically and eventually stopped completely. The last reported case of polio happened in 1993 causing the World Health Organization to consider listing the disease as having completely been eradicated from the planet.

There were two types of polio vaccine: Oral and Inactivated. In 1997, the FDA stopped sales of the oral vaccine as it was linked to a few cases of paralytic polio. In the year 2000, many doctors felt the risks of the polio vaccine outweighed the benefits.

Polio vaccination 1

Many doctors do not recommend the vaccine to their patients at all, but if you will be traveling to another country, you may want to check with your doctor about receiving this vaccination.

Currently, the inactivated vaccine is given in three doses two months apart (two, four, and six months for an infant). Boosters that are given every four to six years follow this series.

Common side effects include pain and redness at the injection site. In a rare number of people, allergic reactions can occur. If you have the shot, watch for dizziness, rapid heart rate, and breathing difficulties. If you experience any of those symptoms, contact a medical professional immediately.

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