MonthJune 2015

Testing vaccines

Testing vaccines

Many people know of the current vaccinations on the market. Those vaccines included MMR (Measles, mumps, and rubella), varicella (chickenpox), tetanus and more. There are many vaccinations that are currently undergoing intense rounds of testing, however. Do you know about those?

In August 2006, China began the first round of testing on a vaccine that will prevent HIV (the virus that causes AIDS.) Forty-nine volunteers were paid approximately $250 to take part in this test.

After receiving the vaccine, the volunteers were checked regularly to ensure they were not having any side effects and that antibodies to HIV had built up in the bloodstream. After 180 days, all forty-nine volunteers had demonstrated no side effects and all showed antibodies against the horrifying disease.

Currently, there are more than one dozen cancer vaccines undergoing their testing rounds. Earlier this year the first vaccine for HPV (a virus linked to cervical cancer) received approval. This is an important step in helping beat cancer. There are far more vaccines yet to be released, however.

Testing vaccines 1

In 2007, a vaccine to prevent prostate cancer could hit the market. Provenge has been tested for effectiveness. Provenge appears capable of eliminating 95% of the abnormal cells that can cause prostate cancer. The vaccine is being tested currently for side effects.

The same company that is working on Provenge has a vaccine for melanoma in the works. Early testing shows the vaccine slows the development of this deadly cancer, but there has been no proof that it can actually stop the disease. The vaccine is being altered and then retesting will occur.

Breast cancer vaccines are hot on the pharmaceutical market. Currently, one company is getting close, but they are looking for additional funding. At the moment, the vaccine slows the development of this cancer by about ten months.

With many more cancer vaccines in the early stages, perhaps some cancerous cells will finally be conquered. In the near future, there may be updates on vaccines for colon cancer, breast cancer, skin cancer, prostate cancer, and more!

Travel & vaccinations

Travel & vaccinations 1

Traveling to other countries often requires additional vaccinations. While you must have proof that your vaccines are up to date (MMR, Tetanus, Diphtheria, etc.), you may need to be vaccinated against rare diseases. It depends on the country you will be visiting.

If you are going to Mexico, Central America, Trinidad and Tobago, or South America, the vaccine for Yellow Fever is required in most rural areas. Vaccinations for Hepatitis A and B, Rabies, and Typhoid are recommended. It is also urged that you see your health care provider for a prescription for anti-malarial drugs before you leave.

Travelers to Western and Eastern Europe do not need additional vaccinations. However, it is recommended that you receive the vaccine for Hepatitis A and B. If you are going to a warmer area (Spain, Greece) where mosquitoes may be present, you will want a prescription for anti-malarial medication.

When traveling to Africa, it is essential that you receive the vaccination for Yellow Fever. Other vaccinations are suggested, but not required. They include the vaccinations for Hepatitis A and B, Meningococcal, Rabies, Typhoid, and polio.

Travel & vaccinations

For gaining entry into the Middle East, proof of polio and meningococcal vaccinations are required. Though not required, Hepatitis A and B, Rabies, and Typhoid vaccines are highly recommended. It is also important to receive anti-malarial pills from your doctor.

Travel to Asia requires no vaccines, but many vaccinations are urged. Hepatitis A and B, Japanese encephalitis, Rabies, and Typhoid are among the vaccines currently suggested by health agencies. If you are traveling to an area where mosquitoes are present, anti-malarial pills are also recommended.

Finally, Australia and the South Pacific suggest vaccinations for Japanese encephalitis, Hepatitis A and B, Rabies, and Typhoid. There are no required vaccines though.

While many of these vaccines are not mandatory, you should discuss your travel plans with your doctor. He or she will have up to date information on the current outbreaks in the area to which you are traveling.

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