MonthOctober 2015

New immunization schedule 2015

New immunization schedule 2015

Vaccine Advisory Committee (BAC) of the Spanish Association of Pediatrics updated every year the schedule of recommended vaccines within the Spanish territory on the basis of the scientific evidence on effectiveness and safety obtained by investigations throughout the year.

We bring the new calendar 2015 and proceed to discuss the changes with respect to the previous year:

Changes in relation to the calendar last year:

HPV Change in dose vaccination against human papillomavirus: 2 instead of the recommended 3 doses used until now to see which dose efficiency is not reduced.

B meningococcal meningitis B vaccine passes first to be accepted into the immunization schedule, although time is only for hospital use.

Chickenpox The chickenpox vaccine he was recommended and funded before children 12-15 months and a second dose at 2-3 years of age.

But a change in the legislation eliminated these two vaccines (without possibility of buying in pharmacies throughout Spain) and delayed to age 14 for children who have not passed the disease by then.

Meningococcal C meningococcal C vaccine happens to have a vaccination schedule: one dose at 2 and 4 months or 4 months only, one at 12 months and a third at 12 years old.

Immunization Schedule: age of HPV vaccine administration

Immunization Schedule age of HPV vaccine administration

Spain does not have a single vaccination schedule, each community has its own, causing problems of information and discontent. The Peninsula has a 80% vaccination rate, but there is an inconvenience that lies on the percentage of each region. There are large differences between each other, in the Basque Country and Catalonia the vaccination rate is around 90% while in Andalusia the level drops dramatically to less than 50%.

According to the 2013 report of the World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that 290 million women are affected by human papillomavirus, known as HPV virus. Around 528,000 new cases occur and it is estimated that 75-80% of sexually active people may become infected at some point in his life, including men who may also be carriers and contracting this disease.

The Ministry of Health, has made ​​a structure in the administration of the HPV vaccine whereas today, the beginning of the first sexual intercourse is increasingly early, we decided to overtake the 12 years the administration of the vaccine virus Human papillomavirus (HPV) in women, and include men studied in the next immunization schedules, as well it is doing in countries like the US or Australia.

Dr. Esther Redondo, coordinator of preventive activities of the Spanish Society of Primary Care Physicians, mentioned that vaccination is an act of solidarity with the rest of society, and thanks to the injection of the HPV vaccine can prevent disease transmission sexual.

Rheumatoid arthritis and exercise

Rheumatoid arthritis and exercise

Until recently, the common belief about the best treatment for arthritis was rest. Today, experts advocate the controlled exercises to promote circulation and relieve inflammation.

“What do you have rheumatoid arthritis, but that’s not what has most people? … “. This is one of the misconceptions we have of this chronic disease and autoimmune inflammatory character, that every day affects more people. The another mistake is that physical exercise is counterproductive for these patients.

Most prevalent in women than in men, age of onset is usually middle age, between 40-50 years, but can also do it in childhood or adolescence.

With an unknown origin, rheumatoid arthritis (RA) causes inflammation in various joints of the body, usually bilaterally, preventing the patient a normal daily life, due to restrictions of mobility generated by these inflammations and especially the pain that they cause. Finally, these inflammatory processes that occur in outbreaks are disrupting the normal architecture of the patient’s joint deformities generating hindering movements even more.

In short, we are dealing with a disease that often goes completely unnoticed by all but the sufferer. You perform tasks as simple as opening a screw cap, turn the key to the front door or squeeze the hose to a gas station, it becomes mission impossible for many people daily.

The increase in cases in recent years and especially the efforts of those affected is beginning to bear the first fruits, as the health community gradually provides more tools to a group of patients for whom, until now, the best treatment was resignation and living with the pain.

These treatments, always coordinated by a physician, consist primarily of a medication to control these inflammatory processes and biological treatments performed in the laboratory, which are designed specifically for each patient … getting, as they verbalize “life-changing”.

But all this must be maintained by a multidisciplinary group, where nurses, physiotherapists, occupational therapists, dietitians and psychologists work closely together. Without ignoring them all, in this article we focus on the share of the physiotherapist and physical exercises we can do under their supervision.

Personal Trainers

Personal Trainers

What was once a luxury of celebrities and athletes is now at your finger tips? If you have little time or will you need to put on a form, you might need to hire one. We give you the keys to pick it.

What it was once a luxury or a whim of famous athletes and is now at your fingertips. If you have little time or will you need to put on a form, you might need to hire a personal trainer. We give you the keys to pick it.

The job of a personal trainer is none other than individually monitor into shape of a person. It is not just about planning an exercise routine, but also to control other aspects, such as motivation or diet, essential for the success of the work initiated by the coach to be successful for each client, who should value professionalism, plans individual and training before opting for hiring their services.

In this sense, a personal trainer should be the key piece for your customer achieve its objectives (always realistic) more quickly and effectively, whether these weight loss, increase muscle mass, maintain fitness, promote flexibility, etc. .

So far, the figure of the personal trainer was reserved for the more privileged classes, but it does not have to be a movie star or sports to have the support of these professionals. The average cost of a session may be around 30 euros, the same as, for example, a particular kind of English. Still, late fees depend on the dedication and exclusiveness needed.

5 natural remedies to cure menopausal symptoms

The most common and frequent symptom of peri-menopause and menopause are hot flashes. These happen in over two thirds of the women in the United States, and they manifest as heat feelings, followed by flushes, red face and intense sweating. There’s no explanation for the cause just yet, but gynecologists have agreed it has to do with changes in blood circulation. Hot flashes occur when our blood vessels close to the surface of the skin dilate. Many women go through intense sweating just to cool their bodies immediately afterwards. Some have chills or a rapid heart rate. All these signs of menopause can be incredibly unpleasant and comfortable for women. Check out these 5 natural remedies that might help diminish them.
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Exercise improves the prognosis of breast cancer

Exercise improves the prognosis of breast cancer

Perform regular exercise reduces the risk of relapse in patients with breast cancer and increases survival, because it stimulates and strengthens the immune system and prevents obesity.

Perform physical exercise reduces the risk of relapse in patients with breast cancer and increases survival, as explained by Dr. Laura Garcia Estevez, responsible for the Breast Unit Oncology Clara Pitched CIOCC HM Integral Center. According to this expert, sport stimulates the immune system and strengthens the body, helping to decrease inflammation, improve blood circulation and strengthen the cardiovascular system.

Prevent overweight is very important for breast cancer because the obesity can be a food for these tumors

In addition, regular physical activity helps control weight and regulate blood cholesterol and blood sugar, and has positive effects on the psychological level because it reduces stress, promotes self-esteem and causes the release of endorphins, which generate pleasurable sensations.

Avoid being overweight is very important in the case of breast cancer because obesity is a source of estrogen in some cases can be a food for this type of tumors, so exercise at least three times a week helps prevent weight gain.

Ideally, according to Dr. Garcia Estevez, is to choose an exercise that women enjoy, like running or walking, swimming, dancing, etc., and if you have not previously practiced sport he is also desirable to have a personal trainer or sign up for group activities until the habit of staying active is acquired.

If the patient is fatigued as a result of cancer treatment, this specialist indicates that the activity must adapt their state and start walking as soon as possible. And to prevent lymphedema, swelling of the arm due to the accumulation of lymph fluid after removal of lymph nodes in the armpit, there are specific exercises that women should perform after surgery, and explain in the Rehabilitation Service.

30 minutes of exercise a day relieve asthma symptoms

30 minutes of exercise a day relieve asthma symptoms

Asthmatics who practice a moderate-intensity exercise for 30 minutes a day are more than twice as likely to have well-controlled asthma symptoms, according to a Canadian study.

Practice exercise moderately for 30 minutes a day can reduce the symptoms of asthma, according to a Canadian study. In fact, the results of this research show that people with asthma who do sport daily are 2.5 more likely to keep a lid such symptoms compared with patients who do not exercise.

Activities such as walking, yoga, or cycling at a moderate intensity for 30 minutes a day can significantly reduce symptoms of asthma

In research that was published in BMJ Open Respiratory Research, 643 people diagnosed participated asthma whose physical activity habits were analyzed by researchers at Concordia University, the Hospital Montreal and other centers. Experts estimate that 40% of asthmatics are sedentary and in fact, 245 of the study participants admitted to not do any physical activity, and just 100 devoted to exercise 30 minutes a day.

Although asthma symptoms can be aggravated by physical exercise and, for this reason, it is generally recommended to asthmatics beware of physical activity because they could cause respiratory difficulties and attacks, the study’s lead author, Simon Bacon he explained that certain activities at moderate intensity walk, do yoga or cycling for 30 minutes a day, can have a very positive impact and significantly reduce the symptoms of the disease.

The specialist said that to prevent induced by exercise can take precautions like taking a specialized drug before physical activity and rest or freshen up later. He adds that it is important that these patients assets also remain during the winter, going for example to a gym to not be exposed to cold air (one of the triggers of asthma attacks), as the study showed that people who were constant in the practice of exercise throughout the year were the ones who benefited most.

Summer stings, tricks to prevent

Summer stings, tricks to prevent

The arrival of summer brings good weather and with it the rise in temperatures and the appearance of a greater number of insects, which causes an increased risk to suffer those horrible bites we all hate.

Bites at this time we arrive by land, sea and air because they can not only mosquitoes bite us or wasps if not to spend more time in places with sea jellyfish stings can suffer other aquatic animals and what about fleas or tracks.

Therefore, what we want to achieve with this post is a key facilitaros to try to avoid these annoying bites or, if you’ve fallen victim to them, to relieve them.

Types of Bites

Flies and mosquitoes:

In the case of flies, what happens is that we produce a small bite that usually hardly perceive and usually does not bite.
However, if we talk about mosquitoes things change. They usually attack sucking blood and saliva entering our body provoking itching.

Summer stings, tricks to prevent

Bees and Wasps:

With this kind of bites you have to take extra care as they can cause allergic reactions can be fatal.
Wasp sting is considered one of the most painful and often cause inflammation.

Spiders:

With spider bites can feel pain both at the time and subsequently.
The evolution of the bite depends on the type of attack we scratch, sometimes this kind of bites can acquire blue colors.

Jellyfish and aquatic animals:

Jellyfish stings are perhaps the most associate with summer.
This type of bites cause intense itching and it is best not to touch the area of the bite to prevent the poison from spreading.

Prevention at the Bites

• Use repellent and wear fine clothes with long sleeves. Remember to use these products at least half an hour before applying sunscreen on the skin caution.
• Do not walk barefoot especially on freshly cut grass.
• No frequent, especially at sunset, areas with standing water.
• Use extra caution near insect nests or hives.
• Avoid using perfumes.
• Use mosquito nets.

As Bites deal

In case you have not been able to avoid the dreaded sting you can follow these recommendations:

• It is recommended to wash the area with soap and water and apply cold 5-10 minutes to relieve pain and inflammation. The cold should never apply directly to the skin as it could generate burns, use a towel with ice inside.
• Given the bee or wasp stings is the best you withdraw the stinger with tweezers to prevent the poison from spreading and wash the area with water.
• If it is flea or tick bites, the best is as in the previous case remove it with tweezers.
• Use calamine or ammonia products that you can buy directly from pharmacies.
• If reactions bites are very intense need to use medicines or creams.

We hope that this summer bites do not invade your body.

Happy summer!

Breastfeeding Week

Breastfeeding Week

On the occasion of the celebration of World Breastfeeding Week, which took place throughout this week (1- 7 August) in more than 120 countries, we wanted to pay special tribute to our blog about this topic.

The purpose of holding this week is to encourage mothers to reconcile breastfeeding smaller tried in this way to improve the health of babies.

But, first things first, what is breastfeeding?

The breastfeeding is a feeding breast-milk from both considered by WHO (World Health Organization) and UNICEF (United Nations Fund for Children) as “an unequaled way of providing ideal food for growth and development of children.”

Therefore, it is ideal to provide all the nutrients that babies need in the first months of life to develop healthy growth.

Who can breastfeed?

Most women can breastfeed their children, just received good information of how.

At first it is normal to suffer from:

• Too full and swollen breasts
• Sore nipples
• Mastitis breast infection

But it is easy to solve problems you should consult your doctor.

During when time is recommended to keep breastfeeding?

It is advisable to maintain exclusive breastfeeding over 6 months; From this point, you should gradually introduce foods own age.

It is advisable to keep feeding the last 2 years of age of the child.

Breastfeeding rates

There are different types of feeding, following are some of them:

• Exclusive breastfeeding
• Predominant breastfeeding
• Full breastfeeding
• Supplementary Feeding
• Breastfeeding
• Breastfeeding bottle

As your health care in summer

As your health care in summer

Summer, the season in which we all live much more relaxed, we leave aside our concerns and we take care to enjoy, it is also one of the times in which more we take care of our health and of our own.

The heat, the sea, or displacement, are some of the factors that make have to take special care to avoid heat stroke, burns or cuts digestion among many other problems.

Then we will give some clues and rabbits to prevent these threats and that you can fully enjoy the holidays avoiding any health problems.

As your health care in summer

Beware of the sun

• Do not get the sun in the middle of the day to avoid burns
• Always wear sunscreen
• Use sunglasses and hats to protect the upper body
• Drink plenty of water and shaded areas looking to avoid suffering heat stroke

Hydrate

• It takes at least 2 liters of water a day, especially if you are elderly
• Do not do physical exercise that forces you to sweat a lot in the hottest hours of the day
• Search shaded and cool places

Eat well

• Always wash your hands before eating
• Thoroughly wash fruits and vegetables
• Keep refrigerated and consume them always when food

Respect digestion

• Wait at least an hour and a half since I eat until you eat to prevent a possible cut of digestion
• Do not eat very cold drinks while doing digestion

Beware bites

• Use repellents
• Do not use strong colors in clothing or strong fragrances

Beware of otitis

• Do not insert sticks or any other objects in the ears
• Do not submerge the ears in water for a long time

Mushrooms

• Wear shoes to walk on the edge of the pools, or in public showers
• Take care especially hygiene

Extreme caution on the road

• Check the vehicle
• Do not drive if you have not slept or rested enough
• Avoid eating a lot before traveling
• No drugs that cause sleep injieras
• For every two hours

Find vaccines

If traveling abroad

• Find out about compulsory vaccinations
• Vaccinate all that is necessary

Remember these tips and make the most of the summer.

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