L to female sterilization and castration of males is a method for removing jealousy of females and reproduction of animals, to somehow avoid overcrowding of animals that roam the streets of our cities and also solve some health problems of our pets.
Female sterilization involves removing part of your reproductive system through a surgical procedure under general anesthesia, complications are rare and complete recovery is around 10 days.
This surgery can be performed from 6 months old, sterilization at this age reduces the risk of getting breast cancer in adulthood. Also early sterilized cats become more docile and friendly.
If you do not want to sterilize your pet, you should know that there are other alternatives to avoid the heat in females as contraceptives but these are not recommended for dogs or cats in her first heat, they should also be applied at a certain time of the cycle females (anoestrus) not to cause diseases such as uterine infection or pyometra.
Castration of males is also done through a surgery under general anesthesia to remove part of your reproductive system is less complicated than female sterilization and full recovery is at 7 days, it is also recommended to castrate starting from 6 months old. A neutered dog decreases the incidence of prostate diseases.
Besides cats neutered at an early age, they become more friendly and calm, reduces urine marking behavior in its territory, avoid departures or disappearances away leading to fights with other cats and the spread of disease.
A female dog can reach sexual maturity between 6 and 14 months, depending on the breed, being earlier in small and later in larger breeds. Overall the dog may have a period of heat every 4-6 months.
The mating season begins with the proestrus phase that lasts between 6- 11 days with an average 9 days, the female begins here with vaginal bleeding and is attractive to males but not accept rides, comes immediately after the fertile period or where estrus female ovulates and accepts the male to be fertilized, this stage also lasts between 6-11 days with an average of 9 days.
Therefore, we can estimate the fertile period of the bitch occurs on the ninth or eleventh day from the start of vaginal bleeding and it is at this point that accept being mounted by the male for fertilization.
It is recommended to cross a female canine in their second or third heat, when it decides to cross a female, it is recommended that prior to breeding, she is wormed, vaccinated, with a good physical condition (neither fat nor thin), also it is crossed with a male equal to or smaller than it, to avoid complications in childbirth.
Mating or hard ride about 20 minutes. The number of puppies depends on the fertility of both dogs and the number of mounts. Gestation lasts bitch in about 60 + 3 days, if there is an obvious pregnancy is recommended to change to adult food puppy dog.
When comes the time of delivery you may notice the dog restless, cease to eat or take attitudes like making a nest in the yard or in your closet.
A physiological event is the body temperature drops more than normal, indicating that delivery has come imminently, sometimes you can see that the dog boot your mucus plug along with contractions, then every puppy is born in an individual bag color green, which is the placenta, the new mother cut the umbilical cord will bring the puppy of the placenta, cleanse, and can eat the placentas.
Help the mother when she is not able or do not know the puppy out of the placenta, itself feels trained carefully you can break the bag, remove the puppy, cut the umbilical cord and clean to breathe.
Overall a dog can give birth alone but we are in the presence of a difficult birth when the mother has made efforts to give birth more than two hours and have not gotten a puppy is born, or even when a puppy is born and spend more than 60 minutes no was born the rest of the litter, in these situations should call the veterinarian immediately, as the life of the dog and the puppies are in danger.
If labor was no problem is also recommended consideration by the veterinarian to evaluate the new mother, see if there are still puppies or remains of placentas inside and to examine the new puppies.
Once born the puppies they seek heat and its mother’s milk, the lactation period should not last less than 45 days, around this age begin weaning when the pups are able to eat solid food for puppies that is given to the mother.
The cat reaches sexual maturity between 5-10 months of age. She may have several jealousy at certain times of the year, with increased activity in August. We recommend a cat crossing from 14 months of age, or in his second heat, she should be in good physical condition (should not be fat or extremely thin) on shots and worming a day, to give a good immunity to the kittens and not transmit parasites.
In matching the cat needs the stimulation of the male during copulation to ovulate and be fertilized, a cat in heat can be mounted by several males at different times, the cat will accept mating throughout the period of zeal even if this brewing or amantando their kittens. Gestation in the cat takes about 60 days, if no apparent gestation is recommended to change the adult food to kittens cat and not let to mate again.
Cat with kittens
Overall a cat stop her cubs alone, when the time of delivery comes you may notice your cat restless, anxious or vocalizes more than usual, can also find a safe place to have their kittens.
A physiological event is the body temperature drops more than normal, indicating that delivery has come imminently, sometimes you can see that with the contractions boot the mucus plug. Each kitten born in a deed and individual bag is the placenta, the new mother will take it out and clean, cutting the umbilical cord and the placenta usually eats.
A difficult birth occurs when the mother has made efforts to give birth to more than two hours and have not gotten born any kitten, or where between the birth of a kitten and a pass longer than 60 minutes, in these situations should call the veterinarian immediately, as the life of the cat and kittens They are in danger.
If labor was no problem it is also recommended that the veterinarian to examine and verify the new generation that there are no kittens within the cat. Once born kittens seek warmth and milk from his mother, the period of breastfeeding should not last less than six weeks, around this age begin weaning, when the kittens are able to eat solid food for kittens given to the mother.