TagVaccinations

Vaccine glossary

Vaccine glossary

When discussing vaccinations with your doctor or your child’s doctor or while researching vaccines your child will need, the terminology can be confusing. This simple guide may help you better understand some of the more troublesome terms used when vaccinations are involved.

Acellular vaccine – A shot that contains a portion of the virus or bacteria that it is meant to prevent in the future.

Active Immunity – The response in which your body produces a life-long defense system against a certain disease.

Adjuvant – A common ingredient added to the medication in a vaccine such as eggs, milk, or gelatin.

Anaphylaxis – An intense allergic reaction that puts the body into a state of shock.

Antibodies – Cells created to defend against the invasion of a disease. Antibodies fight off all future attacks of those diseased germs.

Antigens – Ingredients that create a vaccine’s antibodies.

Antimicrobial agent – Manmade ingredients used in vaccines that in small doses are not rejected by a person’s body.

Vaccine glossary 1

Attenuated vaccine – A shot in which the virus or bacteria have been weakened.

Auto-disable syringe – A shot in which the needle is immediately pushed into the tube after use to prevent harm when the needle is thrown out.

Autoimmunity – When the body creates its own antibodies to prevent a disease.

Bacterial vaccine – A shot created from live bacteria.

Bacterium – The term used when referring to bacteria in a singular tense.

Boosters – Shots that are given after a span of time has elapsed from the time of the first injection. This process ensures the body has built up a defense to that certain disease.

Combination vaccine – A single shot that combines medications to prevent a number of different diseases. (Such as the shot for measles, mumps, and rubella.)

Conjugate vaccines – Shots made from manmade materials that bind to the invading virus or bacteria.

Contraindication – A written warning against giving people with certain medical conditions or allergies that shot.

Disposable syringe – A shot that can be thrown away after use.

DNA vaccine – A shot with antibodies created by altering the original disease’s DNA.

Efficacy rate – The measurement used to declare how effective a vaccine is when used in live studies.

Endemic – A never-ending, low-level presence of a disease in a community.

Epidemic – A growing number of reported cases of a certain disease.

Intramuscular injection – A shot that is injected into the muscle.

Investigational vaccines – Shots full of medicine that are FDA (Food and Drug Administration) approved, but that have not undergone all testing.

Jet injector – A needle-free shot that is injected under the skin using a high power blast of air.

Live vaccine – A shot that contains a live version of a potentially deadly virus or bacteria.

Live-vector vaccine – A shot containing medication that causes the body to build up white blood cells in order to kill off the disease that is present in the person’s body.

Pandemic – An outbreak of a disease that covers a huge area.

Parenteral – The process of injecting preventative medication through a vein.

Priming – The first shot in a series of vaccines that is then followed months or years later by a booster.

Safety syringe – A shot that can be taken apart so that it is thrown out safely.

Sterilizable syringe – A shot that is thoroughly washed, sterilized, and reused.

Strain – A specific variety of a general viral or bacterial disease.

Subcutaneous injection – A shot that is given directly under the skin layers.

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The military & vaccinations

The military & vaccinations

Members of the military must receive shots beyond what the typical man, woman, and child receive. Beyond, the usual childhood vaccines and adult boosters, military receive vaccines for uncommon illnesses.

The smallpox vaccine includes a series of fifteen needle pricks. Following the injections, the injection site is not to be touched (anyone touching the injection site can become infected). After a week, the doctor inspects the site to make sure there is a clear sign of reaction on the skin.

If signs show the reaction, then the doctor knows the body has created the necessary antibodies from the injection. Common side effects are swollen lymph glands and a moderate fever. 1 of every 10,000 people vaccine develops swelling in the brain or cardiac problems that can lead to death.

Anthrax is a deadly bacteria infection that causes muscle pain, difficulty breathing, rapid heart rate, blood infections, and meningitis. The bacteria can attach to foods, become airborne, or enter through a cut. Currently, the vaccine is 92.5% effective, but it carries many risks.

The vaccine is given in a series of six shots over a span of eighteen months, and then yearly boosters are given. Mild side effects include swelling, painful bumps, and itching at the injection site that lasts one or two weeks. Others have reported migraine headaches, muscle pain, joint pain, nausea, chills, and fever.

The military & vaccinations 1

The Typhoid vaccine prevents against a form of salmonella that is often found in water and foods in third-world countries. Typhoid causes severe stomach pain, fever, headache, and rash. If not treated, the disease can rupture a person’s intestines.

The vaccination is available in both oral and injection. The oral pills must be taken regularly for four days, while the vaccination consists of one quick shot.

Yellow Fever is a virus caused by an infected mosquito. Typically, the disease is similar to the flu. However, in certain cases, it can lead to hepatitis and hemorrhaging. The Yellow Fever vaccination includes one shot and then boosters every ten years.

Finally, the Meningococcal vaccine prevents a deadly strain of meningitis that can also cause severe blood infections. In 19% of those infected with Meningococcal, blindness has occurred. The shot is injected into the muscle. No booster is needed.

Typical reactions include muscle soreness and fever. In one out of 10,000, numbness of the extremities occurs.

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Vaccinations & children

Vaccinations & children

The Center for Disease Control (CDC) suggests all children from time of birth are vaccinated for many potentially fatal diseases. Their guidelines start from the time of birth throughout, up to a child’s eighteenth birthday. Many school districts will not accept children into the school unless they have a complete vaccination record.

Parents opting to not vaccinate their children are usually forced to provide documents citing their religious or ethic reasons for not vaccinating a child, or they must home-school their child.

Before a newborn leaves the hospital with his or her parents, a first dose of the Hepatitis B¹ vaccine is given. Follow-up care with a pediatrician is highly recommended to ensure an infant receives all necessary vaccinations.

During an infant’s two-month check-up, another dose of the Hepatitis B¹ vaccine is given. Vaccinations for Diphtheria/Tetanus/Pertussis², Haemophilus Influenzae Type B³, Inactivated Poliovirus, and Pneumococcal? Are also given many of these vaccinations are given in combined vaccinations reducing the number of shots that an infant must receive.

Vaccinations & children 1

At four months of age, an infant receives another dose of the Hepatitis B¹, Diphtheria/Tetanus/Pertussis², Haemophilus Influenzae Type B³, Inactivated Poliovirus, and Pneumococcal? Vaccines.

At six months of age, a booster for Diphtheria/Tetanus/Pertussis², Haemophilus Influenzae Type B³, and Pneumococcal? Is given.

Between the ages of six and eighteen months, boosters for Hepatitis B¹, Diphtheria/Tetanus/Pertussis², Haemophilus Influenzae Type B³, Inactivated Poliovirus, and Pneumococcal? Are given the first vaccines for MMR (Measles, Mumps, and Rubella), Influenza? Varicella (Chickenpox), and Hepatitis A are given.

The next round of booster shots come between the ages of four to six years. Shots for Diphtheria/Tetanus/Pertussis², and Inactivated Poliovirus complete most children’s vaccination records.

Boosters for Diphtheria/Tetanus/Pertussis² are received at a child’s sixteenth birthday.

Strong heartiness can be described as the state where both our body as well as our mind are functioning duly. Sometimes drugs help us. A review published in Pediatrics states that ED affects 140 million men worldwide. Cialis is a remedy used to treat various disorders. What do you already know about Generic Bactrim? Very likely you already know something about it. Occasionally people are onlooking for remedies to resolve sexual heartiness problem. Truly Generic Levaquin is a very complicated matter. This advice is ordinary, but it can make all the difference if you need info about Zithromax. Sexual health is an big part of a man’s living, no question his civil status etc. If you choose to get medications like Cialis online, if possible visit your physician first.

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