Though not a common vaccination, the vaccine for Typhoid fever is suggested for those traveling to certain countries and to military members. Typhoid Fever is caused by a bacterium called Salmonella enterica serotype Typhi.
The infection is spread be ingesting fecal material. If you eat vegetables or fruit grown in gardens fertilized by infected manure or river water that is contaminated with human waste, you are at risk for Typhoid fever.
Symptoms include fever, abdominal cramps, stomach cramps, headache, appetite changes, and weakness. As the infection spreads, it can cause the intestines to rupture. Thirty percent of those infected with Typhoid die.
More people never show symptoms but become carriers who then pass the disease on through their feces, if they are not careful about washing, they can pass the disease on by touching food items.
Unfortunately, Typhi has developed a resistance to conventional antibiotics. The vaccine seems to be the only way to prevent the disease from causing damage to a body. Statistics show that sixteen million people contract Typhoid every year and 600,000 of those people die every year.
The majority of those affected by this disease traveled to Africa or South America and contracted the disease there and spread it to their family members back in the U.S. It is rare that the disease is picked up in the United States.
Typhoid vaccine is given in the form of capsules that are taken for four days. The final dose should be taken at least one week before traveling to foreign countries. A booster is needed every five years. The oral form of the Typhoid vaccine is only available for children ages six and older.
The oral vaccine is proven to be 62% effective, but taking each pill daily is essential. You cannot forget a dose. Side effects of the oral form include fever, abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, and headache.
Children younger than six must receive a shot. The shot is given once and then boosters are needed every two years. The shot must be allowed seven days to create immunity to Typhoid. The shot is proven to be 55% effective. The only side effect is pain at the injection site.